Unwired Planet vs Huawei: the Appeal

Guest post by Vicente Zafrilla Díaz-Marta*

Earlier this week the Court of Appeal of London (Civil Division) published its judgement on appeal against the decision of Justice Birss in the Unwired Planet vs. Huawei case.

A brief summary of the facts and the evolution of the case

Unwired Planet sued Huawei for the infringement of various essential patents (SEPs) needed to implement the 2G, 3G and 4G technologies on the defendant´s devices. These patents had mostly been acquired by Unwired Planet from Ericsson. Other defendants, such as Samsung or Google reached agreements with UP along the proceedings.

Although both parties agreed to sign a license agreement, there were discrepancies concerning its terms, and its conformity or not with FRAND conditions. Continue reading “Unwired Planet vs Huawei: the Appeal”

Does Amazon comply with EU competition law? Some initial thoughts on the new Commission investigation

A few days ago the European Commission opened a preliminary investigation against Amazon to assess whether the American company is engaging in anticompetitive conducts. The Commission is concerned by the dual role of Amazon, which is at the same time owner of the biggest online market place and a seller of its private label products therein. Since Amazon obtains a significant amount of data from the transactions occurring on its market place, DG Comp suspects that Amazon might be using this information to better tailor its private label offer and eventually exclude the other retailers active on the market place. Continue reading “Does Amazon comply with EU competition law? Some initial thoughts on the new Commission investigation”

Do data generated by connected cars raise antitrust risks?

In these days the European Commission is particularly active in understanding the possible antitrust impact of data-related conducts. In particular, from a recent policy document published by the Commission and from statements released by DG Comp´s official, it emerges that data generated by automated and connected cars might be considered an “essential facility” from a competition law perspective, at least in the early stage of the industry development, with the consequence that access to these data could not be refused to third parties. Consequently, manufacturers of automated and connected cars which refuse to license these data under fair terms to providers of cars-related services (i.e.: insurers, repairers, leasing companies) might be in breach of article 102 TFEU.

Continue reading “Do data generated by connected cars raise antitrust risks?”

The Italian Competition Authority publishes draft “Guidelines on antitrust compliance” encouraging the adoption of compliance programs

On April 20 the Italian Competition Authority (“AGCM”) launched a public consultation in order to gather comments on its draft “Guidelines on antitrust compliance”.

The document is of huge importance since it provides for the first time the view of the AGCM on how an effective antitrust compliance program should be established and managed. Even more importantly, the draft guidelines show how the Authority will weigh the adoption of compliance programs as a mitigating circumstance at the moment of calculating fines in antitrust investigations. Continue reading “The Italian Competition Authority publishes draft “Guidelines on antitrust compliance” encouraging the adoption of compliance programs”

Reforming EU copyright law through competition enforcement? Waiting for the Commission’s decision in the “Pay-tv” case

These are complicated days for the entertainment industry. While one investigation regarding sports media rights has just been launched by the European Commission, another is coming to an end. I am talking about the so-called “Pay-tv” case, by means of which the Commission is subtly attempting to reform copyright law through competition enforcement. Continue reading “Reforming EU copyright law through competition enforcement? Waiting for the Commission’s decision in the “Pay-tv” case”

CJEU (C-179/16, Hoffman-La Roche): infringement of pharmacovigilance obligations may give rise to EU competition law liability

On 23 January 2018, the European Court of Justice (“CJEU”) issued its preliminary ruling in the Hoffman-La Roche case, where it had the chance to address some major issues regarding competition law in the pharmaceutical sector. The request for a preliminary ruling had been referred by the Italian Consiglio di Stato in relation to a cartel case where the Italian Competition Authority had fined Roche and Novartis for a total amount of 180 million euros.

Continue reading “CJEU (C-179/16, Hoffman-La Roche): infringement of pharmacovigilance obligations may give rise to EU competition law liability”

CJEU (C-230/16, Coty Germany): sales via internet platforms can be prohibited within selective distribution systems

On December 6, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) delivered its final ruling in the Coty case. This is a landmark judgment, since it will have a strong impact on the internet sales strategies of all those companies that, in order to preserve the quality of their products and ensure their proper use, want to use a selective distribution system. In this regard, it has to be recalled that from the perspective of EU competition law, selective distribution is a distribution system where the supplier undertakes to sell the contract goods or services only to retailers which meet specified qualitative criteria and where these retailers undertake to sell such goods only to final consumers or to other authorised retailers within the territory reserved by the supplier to operate that system.

Continue reading “CJEU (C-230/16, Coty Germany): sales via internet platforms can be prohibited within selective distribution systems”

The European Commission provides guidance on SEP licensing but leaves open issues

On November 29, the European Commission published its long-awaited “Communication setting out the EU approach to standard-essential patents” (SEPs). The stakeholders were expecting from the Commission in-depth guidance on the definition of fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory (FRAND) terms in the context of SEP licensing. However, the Commission did not address all the open issues, leaving room for continued legal uncertainty on the exact meaning of FRAND. Continue reading “The European Commission provides guidance on SEP licensing but leaves open issues”

AG Saugmandsgaard Øe provides guidance on the application of EU competition law in the pharmaceutical sector

**Update**: see here the comment on the final judgment of the CJEU.

On 21 September Advocate General Saugmandsgaard Øe provided his Opinion to the CJEU on some key issues regarding competition law in the pharmaceutical sector. The request for a preliminary ruling was referred by the Italian Supreme Administrative Court (“Consiglio di Stato”) in relation to a cartel case where the Italian Competition Authority (“ICA”) fined Roche and Novartis for a total amount of 180 million euros.

Continue reading “AG Saugmandsgaard Øe provides guidance on the application of EU competition law in the pharmaceutical sector”

BREAKING: the CJEU sets new criteria to assess excessive pricing under competition law

Yesterday the Court of Justice of the European Union ruled on one of the hottest antitrust issues of 2017: excessive pricing.

It was Commissioner Vestager in late 2016 who set the antitrust radar of the European Commission on these conducts, which were considered a bit like unicorns until last year: traces of them were visible only on old handbooks. Following the Commissioner’s speech, the European Commission launched an investigation against Aspen Pharma for alleged excessive pricing in May 2017 (everywhere but in Italy, where Aspen had already been fined by the Italian Competition Authority, see here).

Continue reading “BREAKING: the CJEU sets new criteria to assess excessive pricing under competition law”